Thyroid Disorders

Thyroid Disorders Specialist
The thyroid plays a hugely important role in your health by helping to regulate your metabolism, heartbeat, and more. When a disorder interferes with its function, proper diagnosis and treatment are important for your overall health and well-being. Guadalupe ENT in Seguin and New Braunfels, Texas provides effective options for thyroid disorders, including thyroid and parathyroid surgery.

Thyroid Disorders Q & A

What is the Thyroid?

The thyroid is an endocrine gland that’s shaped like a butterfly, located in your neck above the collarbone. It produces hormones that control various mechanisms in your body, including your heartbeat, digestion, and temperature.

What Disorders Involve the Thyroid?

Thyroid health conditions include:

  • Goiter: enlarged thyroid gland
  • Hyperthyroidism: when the thyroid overproduces hormones
  • Hypothyroidism: when the body underproduces hormones
  • Hyperparathyroidism: when the thyroid overproduces parathyroid hormones
  • Thyroid cancer
  • Thyroid nodules: lumps that form in the thyroid gland
  • Thyroiditis: Inflammation of the thyroid gland

What Causes Thyroid Disorders?

Numerous factors may contribute to thyroid disorders, including overexposure to certain chemicals, such as iodine, removal of your thyroid gland, pituitary disorders, family history, and thyroid defects. Cancer of the thyroid gland is rare, but receiving radiation treatment to your neck or head early in life may increase your risk.

What are the Symptoms of an Underactive or Overactive Thyroid Gland?

Symptoms of an underactive thyroid gland, or hypothyroidism, may include:

  • Dry hair, skin, or nails
  • Constipation
  • Depression
  • Fatigue
  • Forgetfulness
  • Muscle cramps
  • Reduced menstrual flow
  • Swelling in the front of your neck

An overactive thyroid gland, or hyperthyroidism, may cause:

  • Anxiety or nervousness
  • Difficulty concentrating
  • Elevated heart rate
  • Fatigue
  • Feeling hot or sweating
  • Irritability
  • Looser stools
  • Menstrual problems

How are Thyroid Conditions Treated?

Treatment for thyroid disorders varies, depending on factors such as the condition type and the severity of symptoms. In many cases, medications that bring hormone levels into a normal range are prescribed. If you have low thyroid levels, for example, the doctor may prescribe a supplemental form of the hormone levothyroxine. Lifestyle measures such as dietary changes may also help. In some cases, surgery is required.

Why Would I Need Thyroid Surgery?

Thyroid surgery is commonly performed to remove thyroid nodules. It also may be recommended if a biopsy shows cancer, possible cancer, inconclusive results, or high risk for malignancy. Surgery also can help if you have a benign but large, nodule, or the nodule causes bothersome symptoms, such as pain or difficulty swallowing.

What is Parathyroid Surgery?

Parathyroid glands are located behind the thyroid and produce parathyroid hormones, which manage the calcium in the human body. Surgery is the most common treatment for hyperparathyroidism. It removes glands having a tumor or which are enlarged. The procedure, which may be done on an outpatient basis, is minimally invasive and patients may go home the same day. It has a high cure rate of about 95%.

Our Locations

Choose your preferred location